Pelvic Pain in Women

Pelvic Pain in Women: What Causes It?

Pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen or pelvis or genital region is called pelvic pain. It can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on how long the pain has been present. Both men and women can be affected by this condition, which can be caused by a number of factors.

Pelvic pain is often uncomfortable, especially when it’s severe. The intensity can vary. It can be dull or sharp. The most common cause of pelvic pain in women is a problem with the reproductive system. It can also happen if there is a stone in your urinary bladder, or for other reasons. It is important to determine the source of the pelvic pain, because the cause may be serious and cannot be ignored.

Consult your healthcare provider if you are experiencing persistent pelvic pain. It can be an indication of a serious health condition. You can consult a gynecologist to get an expert’s opinion.

The following are some of the most common causes for pelvic pain:

Gynecological Issues

Gynecological problems are the leading cause of pelvic discomfort in women. Gynecological problems can cause pelvic pain in women.

  • endometriosis
  • uterine fibroids
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Menstrual cramps

This condition can lead to various symptoms such as swelling and inflammation in the pelvic region, causing discomfort and pain.

Infections of the Urinary Tract

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is another common cause of pain in the pelvis, particularly among women. When bacteria infect the urinary system, they cause urinary tract infections. Inflammation can lead to pain and discomfort around the lower abdomen and pelvic region.

Gastrointestinal Issues

Pelvic pain can be caused by gastrointestinal problems. Inflammation and pain in the lower abdominal or pelvic region can be caused by:

  • irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Diverticulitis

Musculoskeletal Disorders

Pelvic pain can be caused by musculoskeletal problems, including pelvic floor dysfunction, muscle spasms, and injuries, as well as stress or overuse.

Pregnancy and related issues

There are many reasons why pregnant women can experience severe pelvic discomfort. The ligaments that support your uterus may cause pelvic pain. The pelvic bones move to accommodate the growing foetus, which can also cause pelvic hurdle pain – another common pregnancy related cause of pelvic discomfort.


Cancer can cause pelvic pain in rare cases. Pelvic pain can be caused by gynecological tumors such as cervical cancer, uterine and ovarian cancer. These cancers can cause pain when they grow and press against nearby organs and tissue.

Other Causes

Some less common causes include hernias and kidney or bladder stones, as well as sexually transmitted infection.

A detailed medical history is the first step in diagnosing pelvic pain. A physical examination will also be required to eliminate some possible causes of pelvic discomfort. Your healthcare provider may also order tests such as a complete blood test, an imaging scan to examine the pelvic region to check for abnormalities, and a pelvic examination. These steps can help healthcare providers identify the cause of pelvic discomfort.

Bottom Line

Conclusion: Pelvic pain can be caused a variety of gynecological and musculoskeletal conditions, as well as pregnancy-related issues. Pelvic pain is a serious condition, and it’s important to identify the cause as soon as you can to create an effective treatment plan. Speak to a doctor if you are experiencing pelvic pain. They can help determine the cause of your condition and suggest appropriate treatment options. Visit your healthcare provider as soon as possible so that they can treat and diagnose the underlying cause. You can consult Dr. Rashid Latif Khan.

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